Medical anthropology is ranked second term of social and cultural anthropology that focuses its study on the teaching of human beings through their habits, affections of parents and relatives, political and economic organizations, urban planning, medical nutritionists, health, myths, beliefs and connect with groups with ecosystems and relationships between them are developed based on the physical factors of the same environment for the community of living things relate to realize how valuable life processes.
Medical anthropology investigates how to integrate humanitarian and scientific demands of the medical field, by searching the social origins of disease.
For this, scans in which the impedimentsfaced by people when seeking medical help and seek health care are made.
Affine relationships between anthropology, medicine and medical practice can be evidenced from the old.
The naturalistic look of Medicine, introduced by the Hippocratic treated evolved a theory of causation of disease related to the environment and a methodology incorporating the study of clinical cases for example in the Treaty or infectious disease epidemics, ethnographic methodologies with nature in the Treaty Aires, Water, wind and Places of planet earth.
The influence of the Hippocratic writings explained that medicine was used the end of XIX century, specific field techniques, practices and participant observation would produce a huge volume of ethnographic writing, ethnographies are the research study is to observe the cultures and
General Anthropology occupied an important position in the basic medical sciences (corresponding to the studies now commonly called pre-clinical).
As the medicine was isolating medical education in the hospital or clinic and adopted a cautious attitude toward empiricism physicians in their regular practice among people and assumed experimental medicine in the hospital or clinics and the laboratory as its basic source knowledge, doctors were leaving ethnography forgotten.
This abandonment takes place when the social anthropology ethnography takes as one of its professional identity and attitudes was abandoning the initial draft general anthropology.
The divergence between professional anthropology and medicine never pretended a complete break between the two. During the twentieth century are consistent interdisciplinary relations between the two methods to the setting of medical anthropology during the sixties and seventies of the xx century.
You followed the research about the ethnic groups to establish anthropology of individuals, their cultures to have bases in medicine today.
The investigations are also carried out to leave no ethnic since that was the beginning of man revealing the social, medical identity of humanity.